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Book Sections Year : 2018

SWOT analysis of the MERLIN-Expo tool and its relevance in legislative frameworks

Tineke de Wilde
  • Function : Author
Frederik Verdonck
  • Function : Author
Alice Tediosi
  • Function : Author
Taku Tanaka
  • Function : Author
Zoran Banjac
  • Function : Author
Panagiotis Isigonis
  • Function : Author
Elisa Giubilato
  • Function : Author
Andrea Critto
  • Function : Author
Alex Zabeo
  • Function : Author
Nicoleta Suciu
  • Function : Author
James Garratt
  • Function : Author
Philippe Ciffroy
  • Function : Author


The MERLIN-Expo tool was evaluated using a SWOT analysis, which was based on expert judgement and literature review. A list of criteria was set up containing the major model characteristics, which were divided in general model criteria and relevance model criteria. Relevance model criteria were defined as criteria, which are highly depending on the regulatory framework the model is used in. From the analysis presented above, it appeared that certain regulatory chemical frameworks (e.g. REACH, biocides) are stricter towards their requirements compared to others (e.g. site-specific/local regulatory frameworks). Based on expert judgement, the MERLIN-Expo tool was evaluated using the general and relevance criteria. MERLIN-Expo has many advanced functionalities (such as uncertainty analysis, modular approach, dynamic model, combines environmental fate with pharmacokinetics) and models (many fate processes and environmental compartments, different human populations). At the same time, the threat is that current (regulatory) applicability frameworks do not always require these advanced assessment functionalities. The MERLIN-Expo tool appeared to be most suitable for the site-specific assessment as this is the most flexible framework. Based on this analysis, weaknesses of the MERLIN-Expo tool for its use in a certain regulatory framework could also be identified. These weaknesses are at the same time further development opportunities for MERLIN-Expo. On general model characteristics, MERLIN-Expo was identified as a highly documented (both for novice and expert level), transparent, user-friendly tool with regular trainings. Its main treat now is to ensure continuing support and mechanisms for future developmental work and updates.
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Dates and versions

ineris-01853114 , version 1 (02-08-2018)



Tineke de Wilde, Frederik Verdonck, Alice Tediosi, Taku Tanaka, Roseline Bonnard, et al.. SWOT analysis of the MERLIN-Expo tool and its relevance in legislative frameworks. CIFFROY, Philippe; TEDIOSI, Alice; CAPRI, Ettore. Modelling the Fate of Chemicals in the Environment and the Human Body, 57, Springer, pp.23-57, 2018, The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, 9783319595009. ⟨10.1007/978-3-319-59502-3_2⟩. ⟨ineris-01853114⟩


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