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Journal Articles Journal of Hazardous Materials Year : 2006

Explosion characteristics of synthesised biogas at various temperatures

Abstract

Biogas is considered as a valuable source of renewable energy. Indeed, it can be turned into useful energy (heat, electricity, fuel) and can contribute to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Knowledge of its safety characteristics is a very important practical issue. Experimental investigation of synthesised biogas explosion characteristics was conducted in a 20-L sphere at various temperatures (30-70 degrees C) and at atmospheric pressure. The studied biogas was made of 50%(1) methane (CH4) and 50% carbon dioxide (CO2). It was also saturated with humidity: this composition is frequently met in digesters during waste methanisation. There are two inert gases in biogas: water vapour and carbon dioxide. Its vapour water content rises along with temperature. The presence of these inert gases modifies considerably biogas characteristics compared to the ones of pure methane: explosion limits are lowered and beyond 70 degrees C, water vapour content is sufficient to inert the mixture. Furthermore, explosion violence (estimated with the maximum rate of pressure rise values, (dp/dt)(max)) is three times lower for biogas than for pure methane at ambient temperature.

Dates and versions

ineris-00963020 , version 1 (21-03-2014)

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Laurent Dupont, Antoinette Accorsi. Explosion characteristics of synthesised biogas at various temperatures. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2006, 136 (3), pp.520-525. ⟨10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.11.105⟩. ⟨ineris-00963020⟩

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